Pregnancy Discrimination

Pregnancy should be one of the most exciting periods of a woman’s life. Unfortunately, too often women are treated unfavorably at their workplace, because of their pregnancy or medical condition related to the pregnancy. Аs numerous sociological studies show, pregnant women are still at a severe disadvantage in the job market. They are often viewed as less committed or even less competent than other females. When hired (if hired) they are offered lower salaries than their competitors, and at their workplace they could be held to higher standard of performance than other employees. Until the late 1970-s women did not have many remedies to fight against pregnancy discrimination. For instance, […]

What is discrimination in the workplace threshold?

What is discrimination in the workplace threshold?

We know that federal laws prohibit employers from discriminating against their employees. But what is discrimination in the workplace threshold, i.e. when a certain kind of treatment actually becomes discrimination? When one would know that he or she was treated illegally and could seek legal protection against discrimination? Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal for employers to discriminate against their employees on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, and religion. This rule applies to “compensation terms, conditions, or privileges of employment,” i.e. basically to everything related to hiring and firing, compensation and benefits, retirement plans, disability leave, classification of employees, transfer and […]

Can All Employees Be of the Same Ethnic Origin?

Can All Employees Be of the Same Ethnic Origin?

In 1985 The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) brought a suit against a small company providing janitorial and cleaning services in Chicago (EEOC v. Consolidated Service Systems). The owner of the company, a Korean immigrant, was hiring mostly Koreans. He did it by relying on word of mouth rather than traditional means of advertising. The EEOC claimed that the company was discriminating in favor of the persons of Korean origin. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 explicitly prohibits any discrimination in hiring based on “race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” The court was looking for any evidence of an intentional discrimination, because the mere fact that […]

Who Are Whistleblowers?

Who Are Whistleblowers?

In the 19th century whistleblowing was literally about blowing a whistle, i.e. like what referee does during sports games like football or basketball. When referee is blowing the whistle it means that the game should stop. As we know it usually happens when a player or players violated the rules of the game. The referee would stop the game and take actions in relation to those who broke the rules. Gradually “whistleblowing” got its contemporary meaning of stopping something illegal by reporting about it to authorities. During the most part of the 20th century the public attitude to whistleblowers was ambivalent. Reporting to authorities was not that widespread and those […]

$15 Minimum Wage in New York

$15 Minimum Wage in New York

On Thursday September 10, 2015 New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo made an announcement about his plan to raise the minimum wage in the state of New York to $15 per hour. Mr. Cuomo made his announcement in the presence of Vice-President Joe Biden. Earlier this year upon Cuomo’s initiative the New York acting labor commissioner Mr. Musolino signed an order to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour for those who work in fast-food industry in New York. Now the governor wants to extend it to all low wage workers in the state. He underlines in his statement that not only fast-food workers deserve $15 an hour, but all […]