What Pre-Employment Tests Are Used in the US?

What Pre-Employment Tests Are Used in the US?

There are more than 3,000 different employment and pre-employment tests on the U.S. market. Tens of millions of applicants take such tests every year. The employment testing and screening is a $500 million-a-year industry with an annual growth rate over 10%. Pre-employment tests differ by the testing areas. The types of pre-employment tests and procedures may include cognitive tests, physical ability tests, sample job tasks, medical inquiries and physical examination, personality and integrity tests, criminal background checks, credit checks, performance appraisals and other tests and screening techniques. Under the law, all of those tests should be done in a non-discriminatory manner . In addition to this some tests have specific […]

Legal Limits of Pre-Employment Tests

Legal Limits of Pre-Employment Tests

Employers use different employment tests and screening techniques to select employees that better fit certain jobs. Besides notoriously famous polygraph test which can be legally used only in limited number of special cases and the widely used Reid Report there are thousands of various tests that can be administered by employers to narrow down the pool of their potential and current employees. There are general “honesty tests” and more specific ability, performance and certain skills test. However, the question is: how far can the testing go? What kind of questions are allowed and not allowed? First of all, the tests should comply with the federal anti-discrimination laws. Title VII of […]

Pre-Employment Tests: What Is Lie Detector and If It’s Legal?

Pre-Employment Tests: What Is Lie Detector and If It’s Legal?

Employers use different tests to screen prospective employees. One of the most notorious tests is a lie detector or polygraph test. A lie detector test combines interrogation methods with physiological measurements to obtain information. The polygraph equipment usually records such phenomena as respiration, heart rate, blood pressure while a candidate is responding to a series of “yes/no” questions. As a result you have a so-called polygraph chart that is interpreted by specialists to reveal deception. The problem with lie detector is that it does not detect deception in any direct manner, but rather measures certain physiological responses that are supposed to be stronger if somebody is lying. The polygraph test […]