Pregnancy Discrimination

Pregnancy should be one of the most exciting periods of a woman’s life. Unfortunately, too often women are treated unfavorably at their workplace, because of their pregnancy or medical condition related to the pregnancy. Аs numerous sociological studies show, pregnant women are still at a severe disadvantage in the job market. They are often viewed as less committed or even less competent than other females. When hired (if hired) they are offered lower salaries than their competitors, and at their workplace they could be held to higher standard of performance than other employees. Until the late 1970-s women did not have many remedies to fight against pregnancy discrimination. For instance, […]

What is discrimination in the workplace threshold?

What is discrimination in the workplace threshold?

We know that federal laws prohibit employers from discriminating against their employees. But what is discrimination in the workplace threshold, i.e. when a certain kind of treatment actually becomes discrimination? When one would know that he or she was treated illegally and could seek legal protection against discrimination? Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal for employers to discriminate against their employees on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, and religion. This rule applies to “compensation terms, conditions, or privileges of employment,” i.e. basically to everything related to hiring and firing, compensation and benefits, retirement plans, disability leave, classification of employees, transfer and […]

Can All Employees Be of the Same Ethnic Origin?

Can All Employees Be of the Same Ethnic Origin?

In 1985 The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) brought a suit against a small company providing janitorial and cleaning services in Chicago (EEOC v. Consolidated Service Systems). The owner of the company, a Korean immigrant, was hiring mostly Koreans. He did it by relying on word of mouth rather than traditional means of advertising. The EEOC claimed that the company was discriminating in favor of the persons of Korean origin. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 explicitly prohibits any discrimination in hiring based on “race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” The court was looking for any evidence of an intentional discrimination, because the mere fact that […]